YOU ARE IN: Skip Navigation Links > Home page > Sustainability and water > Know the water > Reading the label

Reading the label

The label is a sort of “identity card” of mineral water by which the characteristic elements can be discovered. 
 
 
Obligatory Indications on the LABEL
  • The legal term “mineral water” is supplemented, where necessary, with further information (for example: “completely degassed,” “added carbon dioxide,” “naturally sparkling” and so on);
  • The commercial name of the mineral water, the name of the spring and the places it is used;
  • The indication of the analytical composition, deriving from the analyses carried out, with the characteristic components;
  • The date when the analyses were carried out and the laboratory where they were carried out;
  • The nominal content (for example: 1 litre, 50 cl.);
  • The holders of the licenses and authorisation for use;
  • The minimum period of preservation;
  • The identifying phrase of the batch, except in the case where the minimum period of preservation is given with the indication at least of the day and month;
  • information about any permitted treatment;
  • The letter “e” which indicates that the quantity was controlled in accordance with the European regulations
  • The concentration of specific ions, which enable the qualitative classification of the water (for example: ferruginous water, sulphurous water, …)
 


 

Optional Indications on the LABEL

Bar code: this is a mark that helps in marketing (for example, the optical reading of the products at cash desks); 

PET: the abbreviation of Polyethylene terephthalate, the material from which the mineral waters bottles are made; 

Environmental marking: a phrase or design that encourages the user not to throw away the container after use (for example: human figure at waste bin);

Indications about the correct preservation of the product which allows the mineral water to maintain its original characteristics. 

The letter “e” which indicates that the quantity was controlled in accordance with the European regulations

The concentration of specific ions, enabling the qualitative classification of the water (for example: ferruginous water, sulphurous water …)
  • “trace mineral” or “slightly mineralised,” if the mineral salts content, calculated as fixed residue, is not greater than 500 mg/l;
  • “minimally mineralised,” if the content of these, calculated as fixed residue, is not greater than 50 mg/l;
  • “rich in mineral salts,” if the content of these, calculated as fixed residue, is not greater than 1500 mg/l;
  • “containing bicarbonate” if the content of bicarbonate is greater than 600 mg/l;
  • “sulphate,” if the content of sulphates is greater than 200 mg/l;
  • “chlorides,” if the content of chloride is greater than 200 mg/l;
  • “calcium,” if the content of calcium is greater than 150 mg/l;
  • “magnesium,” if the content of magnesium is greater than 50 mg/l;
  1. “fluoride” or “containing fluoride,” if the content of fluoride is greater than 1 mg/l;
  2. “ferruginous” or “containing iron,” if the content of bivalent iron is greater than 1 mg/l;
  3. “acidulated,” if the content of free carbon dioxide is greater than 250 mg/l;
  4. “sodium,” if the content of sodium is greater than 200 mg/l;
  5. “recommended for low sodium diets,” if the content of sodium if lower than 20 mg/l;
  6. “microbiologically pure.”

A commercial logo in addition to the name of the mineral water may also be shown on the label; 

Finally, one or more of the following indications may be shown on the labels or containers of mineral water, if mentioned in the decree recognising the mineral water:
  • “may have diuretic effects”;
  • “may have laxative effects”;
  • “recommended for new born babies”;
  • “recommended for the preparation of food for new born babies”;
  • “aids digestion” or similar phrases;
  • “can aid hepatobiliary functions” or similar phrases;
  • other phrases concerning the health promoting properties of mineral water, as long as the phrases do not attribute to the natural minerals water properties for the prevention, treatment and cure of a human illness;
  • any indications for use;
  1. any contraindications. 


Terminology and Warnings 
 
PH: this is a parameter that measures the acidity of water. If the value is 7, the water is neutral: the lower the value is below 7, the more the water is acidulated; the greater it is above 7, the more the water is alkaline.  When there is carbon dioxide, the water is acidulated because this gas dissolves in water as carbonic acid. 
 
NITRATES: this is one of the parameters kept under strictest control. The maximum limit allowed for nitrates is 45 mg/l and 10 mg/l for children. 
 
ANALYTICAL RESULTS: the list of the individual minerals expressed in ions, that is, the detailed composition of the fixed residue. 
 
HARDNESS: this is the amount of limestone in the water expressed in “French degrees”: the higher the value, the more limestone is in the water. 
 
ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY: This is a countercheck of the fixed residue since the more minerals there are, the more the water allows the passage of an electrical current.  This is expressed as micro Siemens per cm. (µ S/cm). A greater quantity of electrolytes means a high concentration of minerals, low values (below 100µ S/cm) are typical of low salt water: the trace minerals.
 
The results of the physical-chemical analyses must be updated at least every five years, indicating the date and the laboratory that carried them out.
Gruppo SEM ©  S.E.M.  S.p.A.  Sorgenti  Emiliane  Modena     ·     P.IVA 01583280365     ·     Home     ·     Privacy & Cookie Policy     ·     Site Map

        Logo Nocera Umbra      Logo Nuova SamicerAcqua CLAVDIA